ROYAL AIR FORCE. COMMON CORE AND DEPLOYMENT SKILLS AIDE-MEMOIRE

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CPR FOR A CHILD (1-7 YEARS)

Note: See additional CPR precautions.

IF YOU ARE ACCOMPANIED SEND FOR HELP AS SOON AS YOU HAVE FOUND THAT THE CHILD IS NOT BREATHING

CPR FOR A BABY (0-12 MONTHS)

Note: See additional CPR precautions.

IF YOU ARE ACCOMPANIED SEND FOR HELP AS SOON AS YOU HAVE FOUND THAT THE BABY IS NOT BREATHING

ADDITIONAL CPR PRECAUTIONS FOR BABIES AND YOUNG CHILDREN

Care must be exercised when giving CPR to the very young or old. Child CPR is a specialist course, which is not routinely covered in the RAF. The following points serve to highlight the major differences between child and adult resuscitation:

◉ For young children (aged 1-7 years) use only one hand for compressions at a rate of 100 per minute, to a depth of 1/3 of the chest followed by 1 effective rescue breath into the child's mouth, aim for one effective rescue breath every 3 seconds. The ratio of compressions to ventilations is 5:1.

◉ For a baby (0-12 months), ensure that its body is on a flat surface. Support the head and neck, then give compressions with 2 fingers only at a rate of 100 per minute, to a depth of 1/3 of the chest followed by 1 effective rescue breath into the child's mouth and nose, aim for one effective rescue breath every 3 seconds. The ratio of compressions to ventilations is 5:1.

INFLATION/COMPRESSION RATES AND DEPTHS TABLE

See table on the Desktop-site

UNCONSCIOUSNESS

AVPU

A Is the casualty Alert?

V Does the casualty respond to Voice?

P Does the casualty respond to Pain?

U Is the casualty Unresponsive?

YOUR AIMS

◉ To maintain Airway, Breathing and Circulation.

◉ To assess and record the level of response (use AVPU) initially.

◉ To treat any associated injuries.

◉ To arrange urgent removal to medical aid, if necessary.

◉ To gather and retain any evidence as to the cause of the condition.

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